System Requirements

Browsers: Internet Explorer 6.0 and later, Mozilla FireFox 1.3 and later, Opera 7.0 and later, Safari. Please let us know if you experience display problems with a supported browser.
Browser Settings: Cookies and JavaScript must be enabled.
Hardware: Monitor resolution at a minimum of 800*600 pixels and 16-bit or hi-color. Minimum modem speed 56kB/sec (higher recommended).
Plug-ins: Acrobat Reader 4 or higher for Primary Documents and Help Text document.

Optional helpful feature: The font size in this database will respond to changes in your browser’s text settings. You may find it easier to read from the screen if you adjust these characteristics. In Internet Explorer use the menu item ‘View’, then ‘Text Size’, then choose ‘Increase’ or ‘Decrease’ – other browsers have similar settings.

For Further Assistance

Technical support is free with all ABC-CLIO Electronic Products. If you require further assistance, please contact us at:

Praeger Security International
130 Cremona Drive
Santa Barbara, CA 93117

To inquire about a free trial or a subscription to PSI Online, call (800) 368-6868 or visit

About Praeger Security International

PRAEGER SECURITY INTERNATIONAL (PSI) is an imprint of the Greenwood Publishing Group, one of the world's leading publishers of reference works, academic and general interest books, and electronic resources. Interdisciplinary and diverse in political perspective, PSI publishes insightful and timely material on international security, including defense and foreign policy, strategy, regional security, twentieth century military history, and terrorism. With user accessibility in mind, PSI releases all materials in both print and electronic formats.

PRAEGER SECURITY INTERNATIONAL ONLINE is the most current and in-depth database available, providing professionals with full-text access to more than 500 proprietary titles, expert commentaries, primary documents, comprehensive chronology, and an annotated bibliography --- all thoroughly indexed and organized for easy retrieval.

All new PSI titles will be incorporated into the database upon their publication. Further updates include specially-commissioned commentaries along with primary documents, bibliographic entries, indexing terms, and technical upgrades.

To view the complete list of offerings from Praeger, visit
To view the complete list of offerings from Greenwood, visit


Primary Navigation

The main navigation bar runs across the top of each page and allows immediate access to the various categories of information. When a category is selected the associated text will turn white:

Primary Navigation

The Primary Navigation bar contains the following options:
Advanced Search
Subject Browse
Titles Library
Featured Content
CIA World Factbook (CIA WFB)

Please see below for detailed descriptions.


Secondary Navigation

Secondary Navigation

On most pages, secondary navigation options can be found below the Quick Search area on the left hand side of the page. These options provide further information on the people and institutions behind the PSI imprint and associated database.

All newly uploaded content is recorded in an RSS format.

  • Click on the 'WHAT'S NEW' link to see our own presentation of the items.
  • Click on the orange RSS icon to see the address of the feed, and to see the raw entries.
  • If you have an reader for RSS 2.0, you may add the address "" to receive notice of additions to our content.

ABOUT PSI links to a page with an overview of both the print and online programs.

ADVISORY BOARD links to a page with Board member biographies.

INSTITUTIONAL PARTNERS links to a page with information about our Institutional Partners.


Internal/Data Navigation

PSI comes complete with a meticulously crafted index created by subject specialist librarians. The easiest way to access this index is by clicking on the Subject Browse tab visible in the primary navigation on each page. The index can also be reached by opening a search result from either a book or an encyclopedia and then clicking on the subject headings available above the work’s Table of Contents. This will bring you to the interactive Subject Browse hierarchy. There is a detailed description of how to use the Subject Browse hierarchy immediately following the screenshot below.





  • This page does not require the use of the 'Enter' key.
  • Unlike other pages, the text box on the top left which here is labeled ‘Enter Subject’ and which appears above the data limiters (ALL, BOOKS, etc.), is for entering subjects (indexing terms), not for performing searches.

The main content of the database has been thoroughly indexed using terms similar to Library of Congress subject headings. These terms conform to the Library of Congress spelling and display. Each and every book chapter and encyclopedia entry, commentary and primary document, has been indexed according to this defined vocabulary.

You can peruse this information by typing the beginning of a term into the Subject text box. Subjects that match your entry will automatically begin to display in the ‘Matching Subjects’ area – there is no need to press 'Enter', nor is there a ‘Go’ button. The PSI index includes 'see' references, so if, for instance, you type 'PRC' the browse panel brings up 'PRC - see China' and this link will act like the link on 'China'.

The results will show in the central box labeled ‘Matching Subjects’. You can expand the sub-categories by clicking on the Plus sign symbol. Each time you select a term in the hierarchy, the ‘Titles’ box on the right is populated with links to the matching text or documents.

The entries in the ‘Titles’ box consist of title, subtitle, author, and chapter title. Click on the green chapter title to read the full text.


Quick Search

The Quick Search box appears on the left on most pages, and allows you to access predefined information categories.

Enter a search term in the text box. The terms are treated as individual words unless they are enclosed in quotation marks, in which case they will be treated as a phrase. The Boolean operators, AND, OR and NOT will work if added. If Boolean operators are not detected, the keywords entered will be joined with the operator AND. You can also limit the result set to a specific kind of material, such as ENCYCLOPEDIAS, or you may choose to retrieve all materials that match your query.

The icons that appear next to the content types are also used in the result lists, making it easy to identify the various content types.

If your searches are complex, use the Advanced Search. Results from both the Quick and Advanced searches bring up graphically identical pages.


Advanced Search

The Advanced Search page is arranged into three sections that work in conjunction with each other.

The top section allows entry of up to four search terms and the associated Boolean operators (and/or/not). Search terms may be qualified by keyword, author, subject, title, organizations, places, groups of people and individuals.

The middle section allows filtering of the result set by type of material, and also provides sorting options.

The bottom section is for advanced users who might like to build their own search string against the system's keywords. The ‘insert operators’ at the bottom of the page provide assistance with the Boolean operators.


The search results page displays the same whether the results were obtained by performing a Quick Search or an Advanced Search.

The default search results page shows references to all matches, regardless of the document type. The user can separate the search results according to content type by clicking on the tabs above the result set.

Click on the green titles to display the full text of the indicated document.

Search results fall into one of the following categories:

  •   Books (Monographs) are identified by chapter title, monograph title and author name. Clicking the green chapter title will display the full text of the chapter. The table of contents is presented to the left of every chapter text page, providing easy navigation to all book chapters. In addition, the index terms (subject headings) associated with each chapter are shown, providing access to related information in the Subject Browse.
  •   Encyclopedia entries are identified by the entry title, volume name, and author name. By clicking the entry title, the specific entry is displayed. The table of contents has been replaced by a drop-down list that allows easy navigation to other articles within volume.
  •   Documents are identified by title, which is often long, and by source. By clicking the title the individual document will be displayed PDF format.
  •   Commentaries are identified by title and author. By clicking the title, the essay is presented in its entirety.
  •   Bibliographies are identified by title and author, are categorized by subject and country, and appear with an annotation. *We are looking for partners with whom we can test OpenURL: Users will click on our annotated bibliographies, and will be presented with related results as defined by YOUR library's link resolver. Send us an email if you would like to participate in this effort.

The search results page will display a maximum of 20 items. Use the ‘Next’ and ‘Previous’ buttons to navigate to additional pages.


The Titles Library page presents alphabetized lists of the various types of information on the site. The image below shows the letter 'J' selected from the top row of buttons, and 'All' content types selected from the bottom row of buttons. By clicking on an entry in the results panel, the user will be brought to:

  • The opening chapter of a monograph, with a table of contents that allow navigation to the rest of the work - OR
  • A Commentary article - OR
  • A Primary Document in PDF format - OR
  • The first article in a reference work, with a drop-down menu to jump to other articles in the work or the multi-volume set which contains the work.

  • Please notice that Bibliographies and Chronologies are not included in the Titles Library.

Titles Library




Commentaries are specially commissioned pieces written by respected analysts for PSI Online. Excerpts from the current commentaries will be displayed on the HOMEPAGE, with a link to the full text. Clicking ‘Commentary’ on the main navigation bar will bring you to a list of recent commentaries that includes the featured article(s). From here you can click on a title to see the full text along with any associated graphics.

Commentaries may also be accessed through the Quick and Advanced Search options, or though the Titles Library.

Featured Content

The Featured Content essays are written to highlight significant material in the database. There are a handful of topics that will be persistently present in this section, while coverage of other topics will appear as current events warrant. Clicking ‘Featured Content’ on the main navigation bar will bring you to a list of links to essays on the indicated topics, and the essays in turn contain links deep into our content.

 Books, Monographs

The monograph collection contains nearly all of Praeger Security International’s titles and also a large number of works that appear under other Greenwood imprints.

The books are presented one chapter at a time. If you have selected a chapter through either a search or browse result set, then you will be brought straight to the text of that hit. If, however, you are entering the book from the TITLES LIBRARY, then you will start at the first chapter.

All chapter displays include a Table of Contents that can be used to navigate the selected book. On the top left hand side there is also a tab labeled 'SUBJECTS', which displays a list of the relevant indexing terms. Clicking a subject will bring up the SUBJECT BROWSE page where you can access related content.

 Encyclopedias, Reference Works

Encyclopedias are broken into entries by title (head-word). A drop down list of these terms appears on every encyclopedia page, allowing you to navigate through the volumes in the set.

 Annotated Bibliographies

The annotated bibliographies are categorized by geographical area and by topic(s). The bibliography page has options at the top for filtering and sorting. These options are specific to the bibliographies; filter by topic and country (or both), and sort by author. The results are presented 20 to a page.

Alternatively, you can filter the result set by clicking on a topic or a country listed below each annotation.

We are looking to add OpenURL functionality to the Bibliographies, and would be pleased to hear from you if your institution is interested in becoming a testing partner in this endeavor. Send an email to to discuss further.

(This collection originated with the work of James JF Forest of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point.)

 Primary Documents

The system contains an ever-growing archive of over 1000 important documents that have been selected to support and enhance our proprietary content. All Primary Documents are stored in PDF format, and you will need an appropriate reader to view them: click to download Acrobat Reader 4. All documents have been thoroughly indexed. They can be retrieved either through a standard search or via the Subject Browse. The documents have also been annotated and the annotations are fully searchable.


PSI features comprehensive chronologies of terrorist incidents and related events, including Edward Mickolus’s ongoing series that provides worldwide coverage of events dating back to 1968. This series is bolstered by Christopher Hewitt’s compilation of events occurring within the United States.

  • Since the structure of the data in the chronologies differs from that of the rest of the site, it is treated separately.
  • Click on Chronology from the main menu, and then enter your search criteria on the Chronology-specific search form on the left. Dates must be entered as year (enter format 'YYYY' first to start), month and day, and need not be specific.
  • You may also create a simple bar graph of incidents by location or date. You can do this by clicking the corresponding radio buttons, and then ‘go’.
  • For the Mickolus entries locations are usually entered by country and date. For Hewitt the standard is ‘city, state name’. Searching will bring about results from multiples resources, so if you type ‘Georgia’ you will get incidents in the Republic of Georgia and the U.S. state of the same name.
Chronology search results

Chronology graph

CIA World Fact Book

The CIA World Fact Book is converted yearly for seamless inclusion into the PSI Online database. This resource is accessed through the Primary Navigation menu item labeled 'CIA WFB'.

The opening page of the CIA World Fact Book lists all countries that are included in the collection. Click on a country name and scroll down to view the related information. A drop-down list at the top of the page allows for navigation to other information on other countries.

CIA World Fact Book
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